different types of rangoli for diwali

Rangoli is an art form from India, in which patterns are created on the floor with materials such as rice, flour, sand or flower petals.

It is usually made during Diwali but also during Onam, Pongal and other Hindu festivals in India.

Rangoli is supposed to be decoration, and it is thought to bring good luck.

Designs depict traditions, folklore, and practices that are unique to each area.

It is done by women folk however in recent times male members of family also take part in making these designs.

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Rangoli designs may include simple shapes, drawings of various deities, or flower and petal shapes depending upon the occasion or celebration,

The base material is usually rice or dry flour, to which sindoor, haldi and other natural colours can be added.

Chemical colors are also used lately which are best avoided.

Other materials which are used are colored sand, red brick powder and even flowers and petals, as in the case of flower rangolis.

Rangoli is also known as alpana, aripoma, or kolam.

A rangoli design is created at the entrance of the house, not only to welcome the guests that visit, but also the goddess lakshmi herself so she can bless us with health, wealth and prosperity.

It’s also believed that Rangoli if drawn in the courtyard helps in keeping evil forces away.

Based on materials used, i will be sharing information on different types of rangoli designs and patterns made in Deepavali.

Chowk Rangoli

It’s an old form of Rangoli used during olden times by our grandmothers.

It’s made in front of the puja room.

It’s made with wheat flour, turmeric powder and vermillion.

This is considered to be auspicious believed to be a favourite of the Gods.

In middle India mainly in Chhattisgarh this type of Rangoli is made and is generally drawn at the entrance of a house or any other building.

Dried rice flour or other forms of white dust powder is used for drawing Chowks.

There are many traditional Chowk patterns, many more can be created as per creativity and wish of the person who draws it.

This rangoli is considered auspicious as it signifies showering of good luck and prosperity on the house and in the family.

Women get up early in the morning and clean the area just outside the entrance of their houses with cow dung, sprinkle the area with water and draw the Chowk.

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Free Hand Rangoli

Usually made with colored sand, first an outline is made with Chalk and then filled with sand, It’s an evergreen form of rangoli with many patterns and styles used depending upon the capability and interest of the maker.

Placement of diyas around and in the center of rangoli increases its visual charm.

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Dotted Rangoli

Here the dots are made first to make different shapes and then they are joined and shapes are filled with color.

The shapes are different, like circles, squares, triangles, star, etc.

Then, you can fill those with colours.

This type of a rangoli is famous in South India!

Flower Rangoli

Least messy Rangoli and good for children.

It is aromatic and very pleasant looking.

You need petals of different flowers like roses, lotus, marigolds, jasmine, etc.

Draw the outline of your design and fill it with petals, adding a diya or two would make it totally awesome to look at.

To make Flower Rangoli you just need basic flowers, which are easily available in the local market.

With those flowers, try various designs and give your home a traditional makeover.

To make it more attractive you can place a big brass urli or a brass diya at the centre of the rangoli and it will look even more beautiful.

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Peacock Rangoli

In this type of rangoli, a peacock is made using colours, it adds much charm to the floor where its made, Peacock is India’s national bird, it’s colours are vibrant and it looks really beautiful,

The designs using Peacock are grand and attractive.

Specially when peacock is depicted dancing with spread feathers, it looks its best.

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Beads Rangoli

As the name suggests beads, rhinestones, sequins and colourful papers are needed for this type of a rangoli.

Make designs by cutting papers of your favourite colours and fix beads and sequins on it.

Place it wherever you want.

Small paper rangolis look really nice if done well,

There are lots of coloured beads available in market so making a rangoli of this kind is not tough, this kind of Rangoli is less messy and easier to clean up too.

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Mostly made by Bengalis on Lakshmi Puja during Diwali.

They also make it at any other occasion as well.

Usually, alponas are round in shape and designed like paisley, flowers, dots, etc.

Alpona is made with rice flour and is white in colour.

Refers to colourful motifs, sacred art or painting done with hands and paint which is mainly a paste of rice and flour on auspicious occasions in Bengal.

The word Alpana is derived from the Sanskrit alimpana, which means ‘to plaster’ or ‘to coat with’.

Traditionally, it was drawn by the women of the house before sunset.

It is also a folk art in Bengal.

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Main Items Needed For Making Rangoli

Rangoli designs are easy to make but having patience, hand co-ordination and good eyesight helps.

The process of making it brings good energies and prosperity to self and family.

The materials needed are readily available in local markets, online stores and also at our own homes in the kitchen!

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Items needed – ( depends on personal interest , availability and need of each design)

  1. Chalk
  2. Coloured Powder
  3. Glitter Powder
  4. Small Mirrors
  5. Diyas
  6. Turmeric
  7. Spices
  8. Rice Grains
  9. Dal Grains
  10. Flowers
  11. Tea Leaves
  12. Beads
  13. Wheat
  14. Salt
  15. Pasta

Many other items easily available at home can be used to make Rangoli.

Hope you gained some information and enjoyed reading this post, thank you. 🙂

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